Argentina

Latin America and the Caribbean

The TNA discovered an important technological gap in Argentina’s monitoring of the climate. The meteorological stations were only checked periodically, rendering the data collected highly unreliable. A key criterion was thus the introduction of continuous data collection to provide reliable data. This was vital for introducing adaptation measures. 

Argentina is located in South America and borders the Atlantic Ocean. Its geography is varied, with a rugged landscape in the west along the Andes, wide plains in the north and rolling plateaus in the south. Argentina has an export-oriented agriculture sector that employs 66% of the population, and nearly 40% of the country’s land area is under permanent pasture. Changes to the climate pose a threat to the productiveness of the most important agriculture and industry sectors: for example, heat waves damage crops and increase evaporation.

Argentina completed its TNA in 2013. As a result, several project proposals planned by relevant government agencies have been launched and used in drawing up the NDC.

Among other projects to emerge from the TNA is a proposal to construct a 3 MW power and heat co-generation plant. Placed in sawmills in the province of Misiones, this technology will provide both heat to the industrial process (drying wood) and electricity needed to sustain its operations. Annual reductions of 15,000 tCO2 are expected, as well as a surplus of electricity of between 0.8 and 2.2 MW power.

Also building on the TNA, funds have been granted to implement an Integral Management Plan for the Lujan River Basin. The project’s goals are to prevent flooding along the Basin, as well as managing and moderating the flows of water. This will thus increase the population’s resilience in the face of extreme climate events.

Argemtina’s TNA contributes to the following Sustainable Development Goals:

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Priority technologies for adaptation

  • Technologies for the observation and measurement of climatic and hydrological variables

Priority technologies for mitigation

  • Energy sector
    • Technologies for the co-generation of electric power and heat applicable to the small and medium-sized agro-food and forestry-industrial subsectors
  • Transport sector
    • Multimodal transport systems applied to agriculture products
  • Waste sector
    • Technologies for the production of energy from different waste streams
  • Agriculture sector
    • Technologies optimizing nitrogen use in agriculture activities