Central African Republic

Africa

The Central African Republic is currently in the process of working on its TNA. It has prioritised its key sectors, and work is now underway to determine which technologies to prioritize.

The Central African Republic is a landlocked and sparsely populated country located in the centre of Africa. It is bordered in the north by Chad, in the east by Sudan, in the south by the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and in the West by Cameroon. Subsistence agriculture, together with forestry and mining, constitute the backbone of the economy. The agricultural sector generates more than half of estimated GDP, and timber, diamonds and cotton account for most export earnings.

Over the coming years, climate change is expected to lead increasingly to changes in rainfall patterns, with droughts occurring more frequently and lasting longer. The increase in temperature and the decrease in rainfall will lead to reductions in the duration of the rainy season, increasing evaporation and the desiccation of already poor soils, thus impacting on the agricultural calendar. Pastoralism, the livelihood of a significant number of the rural population, may also be affected by the change in rainfall patterns, as access to water is crucial during transhumance.

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