Peru is regionally diverse, with coastal plains in the West, Andean uplands in the centre and a tropical region in the East where it encompasses a large part of the Amazon. The TNA process mirrored these regions particularities, as they each face specific challenges. Experience show how this diversity makes it impossible to conduct effective assessments within a broad national scope. Accordingly, the TNA team adopted an approach in which technologies were chosen based on their regional relevance, as each region calls for different technological needs.
Peru is located on the western coast of South America bordering the Atlantic Ocean and faces profound impacts from climate change. Droughts, floods, heatwaves and unfavourable changes in rainfall patterns are all increasing in frequency and magnitude. It is projected that climate change will have a negative impact on GDP, slowing and even reversing the strong economic growth otherwise experienced in Peru over the last two decades. Agriculture is one sector under duress. It employs a quarter of the workforce in commercial and subsistence farming, both of which face reductions in output due to climatic variations and extreme weather events.
Solid waste management was the sector chosen as the priority for mitigation technologies, as none of the regions practiced recycling or composting. The TNA projected a scenario showing that reducing the emissions from open-air dumps by 20% by 2023 would reduce the methane released to such an extent that it would be equivalent to a reduction of 200,499 tCO2.
Peru completed its TNA in 2012. It allowed Peru to report on technology to the UNFCCC for the first time, as Peru’s Third National Communication includes a chapter on technology based on the outcomes of the TNA.
Peru’s TNA contributes to the following Sustainable Development Goals: