St Kitts and Nevis will start on its TNA process in 2020 as part of the TNA IV project, at which point it will start deciding its priority sectors and technologies for both mitigation and adaptation.
St Kitts and Nevis is an island country in the West Indies neighbouring Antigua and Barbuda, the small uninhabited island of Redonda and Montserrat. The country’s economy is dependent on tourism.
Over 60% of the population of the island resides in coastal areas. As such, St Kitts and Nevis is significantly vulnerable to the rise in sea levels, coastal erosion and flooding, which are exacerbated by human-induced deforestation and climate-change hazards. Overall, the most vulnerable sectors and areas in St Kitts and Nevis are forestry and terrestrial ecosystems, coastal ecosystems, water resources, human settlements, agriculture, tourism and human health.
The island’s water resources are highly vulnerable to the rise in sea levels and increases in temperatures, which lead to higher rates of water evaporation. One priority is therefore for the country to maintain and protect its underground water resources.
In its INDC, St. Kitts and Nevis underlines the importance of protecting the water, agricultural and coastal zone sectors for reasons of social and economic sustainability. When it comes to mitigation, special attention will be given to the energy and transport sectors, the island’s two highest contributors to the GHG national matrix.